The sea-spiders, or pycogonids, are an unusual group of marine arthropods, which are completely unrelated to terrestrial spiders, despite superficially resembling them (3). The body is slender, segmented, and divided into two regions, the head and the trunk (2). The head features a number of pairs of appendages, including two pairs of feeding appendages (chelifores) with pincers at the tips, a proboscis with the mouth at the end, and both sexes have a pair of egg-carrying 'legs' (2). The trunk bears four pairs of long, spindly legs, and has a small projection at the rear called the abdomen (2).
This sea-spider feeds on a variety of animals, such as small marine worms, sea-anemones and whelk egg-capsules (2). Individuals migrate to the sublittoral zone during the winter breeding season.
The sexes are separate, and males and females cling together during fertilisation. The eggs are released from openings at the base of the female's legs, and are fertilised externally (2). The male carries the eggs around on the special egg-carrying appendages. The larvae are similar in appearance to the adults, and undergo a series of moults before reaching the adult stage after five months. The average life-span is thought to be around one year (2).
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