European forests

European beech woodland in spring, Bavaria, Germany

Top facts

  • Forests cover almost half of Europe’s land area.
  • Over the last 20 years forest areas in Europe have grown by 17 million hectares.
  • Excluding the Russian Federation, 39 million hectares of the forest in Europe is protected.
  • Threats to the biodiversity of European forests include habitat fragmentation, climate change and unsustainable management.