Although the Zoe Waterfall damsel begins its life as an aquatic nymph, it spends its adult life airborne, and develops highly specialised wings for flight (3). As with other species of damselfly, the nymphs pass through a series of development stages, before undergoing metamorphosis and emerging as an adult. After emergence, damselflies have a maturation period, where they do not reproduce. During this time, the Zoe Waterfall damsel will develop its full colouration (6).
Both as a nymph and an adult, the Zoe Waterfall damsel is a voracious predator. In its nymph form it will eat other aquatic invertebrates, while in its adult form it will prey on flying insects. The eyes of species in this genus are specialised for detecting movement, and are therefore extremely well-adapted for capturing fast-moving airborne prey (3).
Not much is known about the mating behaviour of the Zoe Waterfall damsel, but it is likely to be similar to that of other members of the order Odonata. Both the adult male and female damselfly are polygamous, and the male recognises the female by colour and body pattern. The male Zoe Waterfall damsel will usually defend a territory, with the black-winged male Zoe Waterfall damsel defending a territory more often than the clear-winged morph (3) (4). The male damselfy will pursue and try to grasp any female, and then attempt to initiate copulation immediately. Copulation normally occurs near the site where the eggs are to be deposited (3). The male will often guard the female until the eggs are laid, to make sure that the female does not mate again with another male. The eggs are then laid in plant tissue (3) (6).
The black-winged male tends to have a shorter life span then both the clear-winged and female Zoe Waterfall damsel, possibly due to the costs of holding and defending a territory (7).
Damselflies are considered important components of food webs, and can be used as indicators of the health of the streams and lakes which they inhabit (3).