Wetar has some of the most intact monsoon forest in Asia and is consequently home to large populations of a number of endemic bird species, making conservation of this forest crucial. The Bekau Huhun Nature Reserve currently covers a large area in central-west Wetar; however, the boundary does not yet extend to the Naumatang Gorge area, where the Wetar ground-dove is locally common (6). In Timor, there is a WWF initiative to extend the Gunung Mutis protected area in West Timor and designate the area a National Park, and further areas important for the islands’ endemic bird species have been identified (4).Several reserves have also been proposed in Timor-Leste to protect some of the remaining forest (8).
Further surveys have been recommended, to determine the population status and distribution of the Wetar ground-dove. This species would also benefit from further studies into its biology, with assessments on the main threats to its survival. Furthermore, mapping vegetation and water courses will reveal critical habitats and help to identify key sites that support Wetar ground-dove populations for future protection (6).