Water beetle (Hydrochus nitidicollis)

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Hydrochus nitidicollis specimen
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Water beetle fact file

Water beetle description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderColeoptera
FamilyHydrophilidae
GenusHydrochus (1)

Hydrochus nitidicollis is a rare brassy, blackish coloured water beetle (1).

Size
Adult length: 2.5 mm (2)
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Water beetle biology

Very little is known of the biology of this species. Adults and larvae are adapted to life in water, like other members of the genusHydrochus (2).

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Water beetle range

The British range of this species has always been restricted to Devon and Cornwall. Since 1970 it has been recorded in west Cornwall and on Falmouth and the Rivers Teign and Bovey in Devon. In mainland Europe this species has a western distribution. It is fairly widely recorded in the Iberian Peninsula and is found as far south as Morocco (3).

You can view distribution information for this species at the National Biodiversity Network Gateway.
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Water beetle habitat

The larvae and adults of this species are aquatic, with a preference for clean running water. They can also been found in wet substrates both above and below the high water mark. This species is known as a river shingle beetle, as it is found in association with shingle and other exposed sediments at the margins of rivers (3).

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Water beetle status

Classified as Rare in Great Britain (3).

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Water beetle threats

Like other river shingle beetles, the habitat of this species is likely to be damaged by a range of factors, including river straightening and dredging, control of the flow rate caused by damming or flood defence schemes, trampling by livestock, and the spread of the invasive plant Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), which spreads very rapidly and competes aggressively with native species. Although there is no solid evidence to suggest that the range of this beetle has declined, a number of the sites where it has been recorded are threatened by development (3).

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Water beetle conservation

A number of beetles sharing this river shingle habitat have been highlighted as priority species under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP). A Group Action Plan has been produced to coordinate efforts to conserve these beetles. The Environment Agency, English Nature and the Countryside Council for Wales have joint-funded studies aiming to improve understanding of these species, in order to better guide their conservation (2).

The UK Biodiversity Action Plan for this species is available at UK BAP.
There may be further information about this species available via the National Biodiversity Network Gateway.
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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact: arkive@wildscreen.org.uk
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Glossary

Genus
A category used in taxonomy, which is below ‘family’ and above ‘species’. A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. The genus forms the first part of a ‘binomial’ Latin species name; the second part is the specific name.
Larvae
Stage in an animal’s lifecycle after it hatches from the egg. Larvae are typically very different in appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to reproduce.
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References

  1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (September 2003): http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/
  2. Environment Agency (2000) Focus on Biodiversity. Environment Agency, Bristol.
  3. UK BAP Grouped Action Plan for river shingle beetles (September 2003): http://www.ukbap.org.uk
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Image credit

Hydrochus nitidicollis specimen  
Hydrochus nitidicollis specimen

© The Natural History Museum, London

The Natural History Museum Picture Library
Cromwell Road
London
SW7 5BD
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 207 942 5323
Fax: +44 (0) 207 942 5443
nhmpl@nhm.ac.uk
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/piclib

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