In the Udzungwa Highlands, the Udzwunga forest-partridge occurs within the Kilombero Nature Reserve and Udzungwa Mountain National Park (2). This should offer this bird’s habitat some level of protection, although unfortunately logging, bushfires and hunting still occurs in these areas (2).
The Udzungwa Mountains are home to a number of other rare birds, as well as primates and duikers (small antelope species), which are found nowhere else in the world (8). The forests that cover these mountains also act a vital catchment area for large rivers and provide water for nationally important hydropower stations. Thus, conservation of the Udzungwa Mountains is essential not just to protect the animals that live there, but also to ensure the continued provision of drinking water, irrigation and power to thousands of people (8).
Conservation projects in the Udzungwa Mountains should integrate conservation with development, and concentrate their activities in villages adjacent to forests (8). Conservation priorities include fire management, plans for forest regeneration, and raising awareness about sustainable forest use (8).
The forest-partridge population in the Rubeho Highlands occurs within the Mafwomero Forest Reserve (9), although due to limited staff and small budgets, it is often hard to adequately protect this area (9). Additional support is needed to implement conservation action that will ensure the survival of this forest and the rare bird it is home to (9).