Two-banded plover (Charadrius falklandicus)

loading
Two-banded plover stood on sand amongst sea cabbage
loading
Loading more images and videos...

Two-banded plover fact file

Two-banded plover description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderCharadriiformes
FamilyCharadriidae
GenusCharadrius (1)

As its name suggests, the two-banded plover is readily distinguished from most other wading birds by the presence of two conspicuous black bands around its white throat and breast (2) (3) (4). A black bar across its forecrown separates the white of the forehead and lores, from the pale chestnut of the crown and hindneck (2). Although the sexes are similar in appearance (4), areas of black tend to be more brown on the female, while the crown is duller and the upper breast band flecked with white. Outside of the breeding season, the adult plumage is noticeably muted, with black markings replaced by grey and chestnut by grey-brown. The juvenile is similar in appearance to the non-breeding adult, but tends to have a darker face and more brown in its breast bands (2). Owing to the high frequency of birds with a broken upper breast band, the Falkland Islands population is thought possibly to merit classification as a separate subspecies (2) (3).

Also known as
Beach lark.
Size
Length: 17 - 18.5 cm (2)
Weight
62 - 72 g (2)
Top

Two-banded plover biology

The two-banded plover is known to feed on a variety of small invertebrates including polychaete worms, molluscs and crustaceans (2) (4) (5) (6). It mostly forages on the edges of surf and rockpools, or amongst rotting seaweed and coastal grasses (2) (4). Despite being a strong flier, rather than taking to the air, it usually flees from danger with an evasive run (4).

The nests are generally made in shallow scrapes in heath or grassland behind the beach (4), with most egg-laying occurring between September and December (2). Although the chicks leave the nest at an early age, it is common to see parents watchfully minding their offspring as they scurry along the beach (2).

Top

Two-banded plover range

Breeding populations of the two-banded plover are restricted to Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands, but many mainland birds migrate north as far as Uruguay and southern Brazil during the winter (2) (3) (4) (5).

Top

Two-banded plover habitat

Found on sand beaches, estuaries, mud-flats, wet savannas, and the borders of ponds and streams in lowland areas (2) (3) (4).

Top

Two-banded plover status

Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

Top

Two-banded plover threats

There are no major threats to the two-banded plover and its population appears to be stable (7).

Top

Two-banded plover conservation

There are currently no known conservation measures in place for the two-banded plover.

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Top

Find out more

For information on the conservation of birds across the Americas see:

 

 

For more information on this and other bird species please see:

Top

Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

Top

Glossary

Crustaceans
Diverse group of arthropods (a phylum of animals with jointed limbs and a hard chitinous exoskeleton) characterised by the possession of two pairs of antennae, one pair of mandibles (parts of the mouthparts used for handling and processing food) and two pairs of maxillae (appendages used in eating, which are located behind the mandibles). Includes crabs, lobsters, shrimps, slaters, woodlice and barnacles.
Invertebrates
Animals with no backbone.
Lores
The space between a bird's bill and eyes.
Molluscs
A diverse group of invertebrates, mainly marine, that have one or all of the following; a horny, toothed ribbon in the mouth (the radula), a shell covering the upper surface of the body, and a mantle or mantle cavity with a type of gill. Includes snails, slugs, shellfish, octopuses and squid.
Polychaete worms
Polychaeta means ‘many bristled’; this class of worms are segmented and bear many ‘chaetae’ (bristles).
Subspecies
A population usually restricted to a geographical area that differs from other populations of the same species, but not to the extent of being classified as a separate species.
Top

References

  1. IUCN Red List (December, 2008)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1996) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  3. Blake, E.R. (1977) Manual of Neotropical Birds, Volume 1. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  4. Penguins and seabirds of the South Atlantic (May, 2009)
    http://www.seabirds.org/falklands/birds/tp.htm
  5. D'amico, V.L. and Bala, L.O. (2004) Diet of the Two-banded Plover at Caleta Valdés, Peninsula Valdés, Argentina. IWSG Bulletin, 104: 85 - 87.
  6. D'amico, V.L. and Bala, L.O. (2004) Prey Selection and Feeding Behavior of the Two-banded Plover in Patagonia, Argentina. Waterbirds, 27(3): 264 - 269.
  7. BirdLife International (May, 2009)
    http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=3137&m=0
X
Close

Image credit

Two-banded plover stood on sand amongst sea cabbage  
Two-banded plover stood on sand amongst sea cabbage

© Gunnar Brehm / imagequestmarine.com

Image Quest Marine
The Moos
Poffley End
Witney
Oxfordshire
OX29 9UW
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 1993 704050
Fax: +44 (0) 1993 779203
info@imagequestmarine.com
http://www.imagequestmarine.com/stock

X
Close

Link to this photo

ARKive species - Two-banded plover (Charadrius falklandicus) Embed this ARKive thumbnail link ("portlet") by copying and pasting the code below.

Terms of Use - The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to ARKive's online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. It may NOT be used within Apps.

Read more about

X
Close

MyARKive

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.

Play the Team WILD game:

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Your mission: protect and conserve the planet’s species and habitats from destruction.

Conservation in Action

Which species are on the road to recovery? Find out now »

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Donate today!

Blog