In 1970, the only area in which the Treur River barb occured, Bendigospruit, was declared an International Biological Program (IBP) conservation site. This status restricted practices such as the introduction of new fish or bird species to the area, and this has reduced disturbances to the stream and therefore to the Treur River barb (5). The land owners of the site also have their own conservation plan which includes clearing invasive plant species near the river bank (3).
Prior to 1996, the population of the Treur river barb was considered by scientists to be in decline. However, due to these conservation measures the Treur River barb population is now stable (1). In addition to this both sites at which the Treur River barb occurs (upper reaches of the Blyde River and the Treur River) have been made national heritage sites in order to continue the protection of this species (1).
Regardless of these measures, alien predatory species may potentially be introduced in the future (1). Monitoring of the Treur River barb’s habitat and population is therefore essential to avoid a further population decline. Additional research into identifying suitable alternative sites which the Treur River barb could be introduced to if its natural habitat were to become unsuitable is also advisable (3).