One of the biggest threats to the Titicaca water frog is overcollection for human consumption (1) (2) (7). The frog is collected and transported to nearby markets, where it is blended with other ingredients to create a juice which is thought by local people to cure many ailments (3) (4).
Invasive species have been introduced to the habitat of the Titicaca water frog, including a trout species which is thought to eat the frog’s larvae (1) (2). Habitat loss is another major factor in the decline of this species, with large amounts of water being extracted from the lake for agriculture (1) (2) (7), making areas appropriate for breeding unsuitable (2). In addition, domestic and agricultural waste have resulted in Lake Titicaca becoming polluted (1) (7).
Chytridiomycosis, an infectious fungal disease which has reduced many amphibian populations, could also potentially pose a threat to the Titicaca water frog in the future (1) (2).