There is a good network of protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau, and the Tibetan gazelle occurs in Chang Tang, Arjin Shan, Qomolangma, and Sanjiangyuan nature reserves (1). The Chang Tang Nature Reserve, at 300,000 square kilometres, is the second largest reserve in the world (3). The Tibetan gazelle is listed as a protected species in China (2).
The Tibetan gazelle requires urgent conservation action in Ladakh, where it is on the brink of extinction (4) (5). A recovery programme outlined for the Tibetan gazelle in this region includes restoring its habitat, reintroducing the species to areas in which it formerly occurred, addressing the problems associated with livestock grazing, and removing feral dogs. It will also be important to work with local communities and to raise local awareness of the Tibetan gazelle and its plight (4).
Conservation measures for the Tibetan gazelle are hampered by a lack of information about its biology and about the exact causes of its decline, so further research is needed if effective conservation strategies are to be established for this species (2) (4).