These shy, elusive birds live singly or in pairs (4). Unlike most of its pheasant relatives, Temminck’stragopan prefers to nest in trees (4), although it spends most of the daytime on the ground scratching for flowers, leaves, grass stalks, ferns, mosses, berries, seeds and the occasional insect (2) (5).
The mating season of Temminck’s tragopan starts in March and lasts about a month or so. Courting males attempt to entice females to mate by inflating the large, brightly-coloured patch on the throat, erecting the two long fleshy horns above the eyes, fanning the tail and performing an impressive dancing display (5). New nests are usually built in trees just a few feet off the ground, but the abandoned nests of other species are also often taken over, and are lined by the female with leaves, twigs and feathers (2) (4) (5). Three to five eggs are laid per clutch from early May, and are incubated for 26 to 28 days by the female (2). Raised solely by the female (2), the young Temminck’s tragopans develop quickly and are able to fly just days after hatching (4). Nevertheless, the female remains with the chicks for about a month to six weeks, until they are able to feed themselves and are capable of climbing to safety in trees (5).