Almost one-fifth of all dragonfly species occurring in the Mediterranean region are threatened with extinction, while many more are considered to be Near Threatened (5). One such threatened species, the Syrian demoiselle, is endangered by habitat loss. The first signs of declines in its populations were observed in 1980, and its populations are suspected to have declined by at least 50 percent in the last decade alone (1).
The main threat to the Syrian demoiselle, along with many other species of damselfly and dragonfly in the Mediterranean region, is the destruction, degradation, pollution and mismanagement of water bodies (1) (5). Water engineering in particular has irreversibly changed and destroyed many freshwater habitats (1). It has also become clear that global climate change will be one of the greatest threats to damselflies and dragonflies, as the increased frequency of droughts will cause greater water demand, resulting in the drying out of many freshwater habitats on which these insects depend (5).