Protected by the Endangered Endemic and Indigenous Species Protection Ordinance 7 of 1996, the St Helena gumwood has been the focus of a conservation programme started in the 1980s. An extremely successful biological control programme to combat the jacaranda bug involved the introduction of the ladybird Hyperaspis pantherina from Kenya (2). Following dangerous reductions in populations of the St Helena gumwood, the Millennium Gumwood Forest Project was started and resulted in the planting of 4,300 trees in a previously degraded wasteland in 2000 (2). Other replanting projects are underway, as well as weed clearances (3). Although it is not thought that any pure trees of the subspecies Commidendrum robustum gummiferum exist, the hybrid population at Peak Dale shows some characteristics of this subspecies (4).