Habitat destruction, fragmentation and disturbance pose a serious threat to the spineless forest lizard, with Sri Lanka’s forests having been dramatically reduced in recent years due to clearance of montane forest mainly for cardamom cultivation, but also for grazing livestock, by logging companies, illegal logging and removal of timber by peripheral villagers (5) (7). Indeed, much of the forest understorey has been cleared for planting cardamom in the Knuckles Mountains where this lizard is found, although the canopy has been retained for shade (4). The Agra-Bopath area of this species’ range is becoming increasingly isolated by surrounding vegetable cultivations and tea plantations, with the lack of clearly demarcated boundaries leading to significant encroachment into this forest (4) (5). Isolation of populations prevents both important genetic flow between subpopulations and means of escape from forest fires (4) (7). Further more, there is intensive use of pesticides on vegetable cultivations and tea plantations in Sri Lanka, which could be having a serious polluting affect. Although the impact these chemicals are having on non-target species is not yet known, studies elsewhere indicate that they could potentially be devastating (4), with possibilities for bioaccumulation (5). Climatic change and global warming may also be having a negative impact on the species as a result of forest diebacks due to acid rain (5). Domestic animals in the Knuckles Mountains such as cats, dogs and poultry also prey on reptiles (7), although the arboreal nature of the spineless forest lizard probably limits this threat.