The spicy conebush is a dioecious perennial plant that flowers between July and August (2) (4). Bees, wasps and flies are attracted by the sweet, sugar-rich nectar, strong spicy sent and the conspicuously coloured bracts, and are the main pollinators (4). Unlike other Leucadendron species, the anthers protrude from the centre of the flower, ensuring pollen is passed to visiting insects (2). Around four months after pollination, the ripe seeds drop to the ground, where they are typically collected and stored in burrows by small rodents. This type of seed dispersal is unusual for a fynbos shrub, as normally the seeds are dispersed by the wind, and although many seeds will be consumed by the rodents, a large number will survive (2) (5). The seeds will be stimulated to germinate by the changes in temperature, pH and oxygen levels that follow natural fires. This behaviour serves to protect the seeds from fires, which may kill much of the above-ground vegetation, allowing the young plants to thrive in open, less competitive areas, in the fires wake (2).