Piculets are agile birds, well adapted to a life in the trees. They hop with ease from branch to branch and are capable of walking head first down tree trunks. Due to a lack of research, little is known about the exact diet of the speckle-chested piculet. However, other piculet species typically feed on arthropods and their larvae, most commonly ants, termites and wood-boring beetles. These invertebrates live in the bark and soft wood of trees and thus are easy prey for the piculets, which use their sharp beaks to chip away wood (3) (5), and may then use their extraordinarily long tongue to wipe up the exposed insects (3).
Piculets are cavity nesters, using the soft and rotten wood of old trees to build their nests (5). Once the nest has been constructed, 2 to 4 eggs are laid and incubated for 12 to 14 days. Males and females take joint responsibility for feeding the young, and after 21 to 24 days the young are ready to leave the nest (5). The speckle-chested piculet can be sighted singly, in a pair, or in a small family group and often forms flocks with other bird species (2).