Sooty albatross (Phoebetria fusca)

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Sooty albatross on cliff edge
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Sooty albatross fact file

Sooty albatross description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderProcellariiformes
FamilyDiomedeidae
GenusPhoebetria (1)

Named after the sooty brown colour of its feathers, this albatross is medium-sized with a diamond-shaped tail. The sides of the head are slightly darker brown than the rest of the body (4) and the legs and feet are pale grey (2). A white crescent surrounds the eye, and the bill is black with a yellow-orange groove in the lower jaw (4).

French
Albatros brun.
Size
Head-body length: 84 – 89 cm (2)
Wingspan: 203 cm (2)
Male weight: 2.7 kg (2)
Female weight: 2.4 kg (2)
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Sooty albatross biology

At three to four years old, the sooty albatross performs an elegant courtship display at a nest site. The pair bond formed following these displays may last for life, although the pairs will not begin to breed until they are 9 to 16 years. Laying occurs between September and December, with a single egg laid in a nest made from a mound of mud and plant matter. The egg is incubated by both parents for 65 – 75 days. Parental care continues after hatching, and the chick is fed and guarded for the next five months, at which time it leaves the nest and becomes independent (2).

The sooty albatross eats cephalopods, fish, crustaceans and carrion, but unlike many other albatross species, it seldom follows fishing vessels to catch food (4) (5).

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Sooty albatross range

Spending most of the year at sea in the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, the sooty albatross nests on many of the islands in these oceans, including Gough Island, Tristan da Cunha Islands, Prince Edward and Marion Islands, St. Paul Island, Amsterdam Island and the Crozet and Kerguelen archipelagos (4) (5).

See this species on Google Earth.

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Sooty albatross habitat

Inhabits sub-Antarctic and subtropical marine waters. Nests amongst vegetation on inland and seaward cliffs of oceanic islands (2) (5).

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Sooty albatross status

The sooty albatross is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List 2004 (1) and is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on Migratory Species (3), as well as Appendix II of the Bonn Convention (2). It is also listed as a Vulnerable Species on Schedule 2 of the New South Wales Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (2).

IUCN Red List species status – Endangered

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Sooty albatross threats

Introduced rats are known to consume albatross eggs and the sooty albatross is thought to be vulnerable to avian cholera and the erysipelas bacteria (2) (6). Pollution from plastics, oils and chemicals is also a threat (2).

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Sooty albatross conservation

The sooty albatross is protected in some of its range; it exists in one World Heritage Site, one Special Nature Reserve, and several other nature reserves. There are continuing population monitoring and foraging studies, and it has been proposed that key sites are re-assessed regularly (4).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Find out more

For further information on this species, see:

For further information on World Heritage Sites, see:

For more information on this and other bird species please see:

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Authentication

Authenticated (15/05/07) by Ross Wanless and Andrea Angel, Percy Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology. 
http://www.fitzpatrick.uct.ac.za

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Glossary

Carrion
Dead flesh.
Cephalopoda
From the Greek for ‘head-foot’, a class of molluscs that occur only in marine habitats. All species have grasping tentacles, and either an internal or external shell. Includes nautiloids, cuttlefish, squids, octopuses, and extinct ammonites and belemnites.
Crustacea
Diverse group of arthropods (a phylum of animals with jointed limbs and a hard chitinous exoskeleton) characterised by the possession of two pairs of antennae, one pair of mandibles (parts of the mouthparts used for handling and processing food) and two pairs of maxillae (appendages used in eating, which are located behind the mandibles). Includes crabs, lobsters, shrimps, slaters, woodlice and barnacles.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (January, 2005)
    http://www.redlist.org
  2. New South Wales National Parks Service (January, 2005)
    http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/PDFs/tsprofile_sooty_albatross.pdf
  3. CMS (January, 2005)
    http://www.cms.int
  4. BirdLife International (January, 2005)
    http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/search/species_search.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=3967&m=0
  5. Wanless, R. (2007) Pers. comm.
  6. Weimerskirsch, H. (2004) Diseases threaten Southern Ocean albatrosses. Polar Biology, 27(6): 374 - 379.
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Image credit

Sooty albatross on cliff edge  
Sooty albatross on cliff edge

© Graham Robertson / Auscape International

Auscape International
PO Box 1024,
Bowral
NSW
25a76
Australia
Tel: (+61) 2 4885 2245
Fax: (+61) 2 4885 2715
sales@auscape.com.au
http://www.auscape.com.au

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