While the Socotra bunting is sometimes seen perching in bushes and trees, it spends most of the time on the ground (2). Birds belonging to the Emberizidae family feed mainly on seeds (3). Their large feet are adept at scratching at the ground to locate food, and their small, conical bills efficiently peel away the seed coat (4).
Although the breeding biology of the Socotra bunting is not known, it is believed that this species requires specific habitat for nesting, thus restricting it to higher altitudes during the breeding season. It may breed in loose colonies, as clumps of males have been recorded singing together (2).