The slender-billed curlew is protected in the majority of range states through which it passes, and is listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) (7). It is also listed on Appendix I of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), under which a Slender-billed Curlew Working Group (SbCWG) has been established, in the framework of a ‘CMS Memorandum of Understanding’ for the species (5) (9). The group works to allow the cooperation of scientists and governments for the conservation of this species (9), and BirdLife International produced an Action Plan for the conservation of this species in 1996 (8).
Since 2008, members of the SbCWG have launched what is billed as ‘the greatest Western Palearctic birding challenge’, a final, coordinated push to find any remaining individuals of the species before it is too late. If the slender-billed curlew is to be saved from extinction, it must first be relocated, and individual birds should be trapped and satellite tagged to determine important sites, so that any threats can be minimised and this enigmatic species can be better understood (5) (8).