An omnivorous species, the side-striped jackal often consumes fruit and carrion, but the main component of its diet tends to be small mammals. It almost exclusively hunts at night, pursuing small prey alone or in pairs, and medium-sized prey in pairs or small groups. Individuals do not always actively hunt and often prefer food sources which are readily available and easy to obtain. The side-striped jackal is an opportunistic forager and adjusts its diet throughout the year, usually feeding on invertebrates during the wet season, hunting small mammals in the dry season, and eating seasonally available fruits (6).
During the breeding season, the side-striped jackal becomes more territorial and shows an increased use of vocalisation. This species forms monogamous, long-term pairs, and in southern Africa mating usually occurs during winter, between June and August. There are normally four to six pups in each litter, and it is thought that both adults care for the young (6). Non-breeding side-striped jackals have also been found to care for unrelated offspring (6) (8). The pups emerge from the den around December, but it is estimated that only two pups normally survive past the age of six months (6).