Protection for the short-toed coucal exists in the Malaysian state of Sabah in Borneo, and for those populations found in a few protected areas throughout the rest of its range. Increased enforcement of protected areas and a reduction in logging activity are vital if the lowland forest that supports the short-toed coucal and many other species is to be preserved (2). In addition, more information is required about the short-toed coucal’s population, distribution and ecology, so that specific conservation strategies can be developed (4).
A recent measure to conserve lowland forest within the short-toed coucal’s range is the Harapan Rainforest Initiative. Developed by the BirdLife International Partnership, it aims to conserve and restore Indonesian rainforests on Sumatra. In 2006, the project won a government tender to manage a region of lowland forest covering 100,000 hectares for 100 years (6). The conservation and reforestation work that will be undertaken in this area may provide a refuge for the short-toed coucal from the destruction of forests elsewhere in its range.