Buthacus yotvatensis usually preys on small invertebrates which are caught and restrained by the sharp pincers. However, the pincers are too weak for effective hunting alone, thus, Buthacus yotvatensis has a vicious sting, containing a powerful neurotoxin, which is used to immobilise and kill prey (6) (7).
The neurotoxin affects the nervous system, and is poisonous to potential prey, as well as humans and a range of other animals (6). However, this scorpion generally only stings larger animals when it is threatened (4).
Prior to breeding, Buthacus yotvatensis will find other members of its species by using vibrations in the sand, and is able to detect the gender of these individuals using pheromones. The mating ritual consists of a dance-like set of movements, in which the male will grasp the female’s pincers before guiding the female over a spermatophore that has been deposited on the ground (6) (7).
After insemination the male will retreat, leaving the female to gestate and raise the young alone. Like other scorpions, Buthacus yotvatensis is viviparous. The fully-formed young are carried around on the female’s back until they have moulted and acquired a stronger exoskeleton, which usually occurs several days after birth (6) (7).