Sanguinho (Frangula azorica)

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Old sanguinho tree in temperate juniper rainforest with epiphytic fern
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Sanguinho fact file

Sanguinho description

KingdomPlantae
PhylumTracheophyta
ClassMagnoliopsida
OrderRhamnales
FamilyRhamnaceae
GenusFrangula (1)

A small tree with simple leaves arranged alternately, the sanguinho (Frangula azorica) lacks the spines that are characteristic of the buckthorn family. The flowers have five petals and the shrub bears dark blue berries. The buds do not have bud scales (4).

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Sanguinho biology

A vigorous species, the sanguinho does not appear to be affected by habitat degradation, providing the damage is not too severe (1).

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Sanguinho range

The sanguinho is found on all of the Azorean Islands, apart from Graciosa and Corvo. It was previously found on Madeira, but is now thought to be extinct there (1).

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Sanguinho habitat

The sanguinho inhabits laurel-juniper forests at altitudes of up to 1,000 metres (1).

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Sanguinho status

The sanguinho is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List (1). It is listed on Appendix I of the Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (2) and on Annex II of the EC Habitats Directive (3).

IUCN Red List species status – Near Threatened

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Sanguinho threats

The sanguinho is declining as a result of habitat loss, as trees are cleared for agriculture and timber is extracted. Introduced plant species have also adversely affected this species (1).

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Sanguinho conservation

Whilst no direct conservation action has been targeted at this species, the sanguinho is included on the Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats and should be protected by its inclusion in the EC Habitats Directive (3) (4).

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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References

  1. IUCN Red List (April, 2011)
    http://www.redlist.org
  2. Berne Convention (February, 2005)
    http://www.jiwlp.com/contents/bern.pdf
  3. EC Habitats Directive (February, 2005)
    http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-1374
  4. Fact Agent (February, 2005)
    http://www.factagent.com/?req=buckthorn
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Image credit

Old sanguinho tree in temperate juniper rainforest with epiphytic fern  
Old sanguinho tree in temperate juniper rainforest with epiphytic fern

© Hanno Schäfer

Hanno Schäfer
hannoschaefer99@hotmail.com

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