International trade in the San Martin titi monkey should be carefully regulated under this species’ listing on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) (4).
Unfortunately, little attention has so far been given to forest conservation within the San Martin titi monkey’s range (1) (10). The Department of San Martín has 13 municipal protected areas, but most are poorly demarcated and routinely invaded by immigrants (10). However, the San Martin titi monkey may occur on some reserves, including Pabloyacu (10) and the Bosque de Protección de Alto Mayo (1).
Outside of protected areas, the indigenous Aguaruna community will play an important role in the protection of the San Martin titi monkey as it occupies large tracts of remaining forest. However, much of this land is rented to farmers for the production of rice, papaya and coffee (10).
Recommended conservation strategies for the protection of isolated titi monkey populations include surveying all possible habitats (1) (7) (10) and working with landowners to protect the San Martin titi monkey on their land (10). It will also be important to regulate new and existing farming settlements and to provide forest corridors to reconnect isolated titi monkey groups (7).
In 2007, the Proyecto Mono Tocón was set up with the aim of conserving the San Martin titi monkey and its habitat. This project works directly with local people, governments and other organisations to perform conservation, research and environmental education activities and to establish community conservation areas (1) (12). It is also investigating the possibility of creating a protected area in forest near Moyobamba, specifically to help conserve this highly threatened primate (12).