Known for its rather acrobatic feeding manoeuvres, Salvadori’s antwren (Myrmotherula minor) is a small bird endemic to south-eastern Brazil (3). The male Salvadori’s antwren is largely grey with the exception of a small black bib and black wings. The male has two lines of white spots on its under-tail coverts and white-fringed tail feathers (4).
Although the female Salvadori’s antwren is also mainly grey, it can be easily distinguished from the male by its olive-brown back, whitish throat and olive-tipped wing feathers (2) (4). The female also has a rusty-orange fringe to the tail feathers and buff underparts (2).
Named after the Italian ornithologist who first described the species in 1864, Salvadori’s antwren has a highly distinctive, complex song (5), comprising a rapid, whistled, two or even three-part song of several sharp, descending syllables (6).
Salvadori’s antwren is the only bird in its genus to have banded under-tail coverts. The band-tailed antwren (Myrmotherula urosticta) is similar in appearance to Salvadori’s antwren, but it has a thick white tip to its tail. The sides of the female white-flanked antwren (Myrmotherula axillaris luctosa) are paler than Salvadori’s antwren and the male white-flanked antwren has a much larger black bib (2).
- Length: 9 cm (2)