Sunday 19 May
Salim Ali's fruit bat (Latidens salmalii)
What’s the World’s Favourite Species?Find out here.
Salim Ali's fruit bat fact file
- Find out more
- Print factsheet
Salim Ali's fruit bat description
Salim Ali's fruit bat is one of the world's rarest bats (3) and is the only species in the genus Latidens. It is a medium-sized fruit bat, which lacks an external tail. The head is covered in blackish-brown fur which is paler at the base, the wing membrane and the long fur are light brown in colour, and the underparts are light grey-brown. The species was first collected in 1948 by a British naturalist called Angus Hutton, who mis-identified the specimen as the common short-nosed fruit bat. The specimen was re-examined later by Kitty Thonglongya who recognised it as a new species and named it in honour of the famous Indian ornithologist, Salim Ali in 1972 (4).
- Forearm length: 67.5 mm (2)
Salim Ali's fruit bat biology
Very little is known of the ecology of this species, however all fruit bats play an extremely important role as pollinators and seed dispersal agents within their rainforest habitat (5).Top
Salim Ali's fruit bat range
It was first described from a single specimen collected at an altitude of 750 meters in the Western Ghats rainforest of the High Wavy Mountains, South India (2).Top
Salim Ali's fruit bat habitat
Inhabits remnant patches of the Western Ghats rainforest (5).Top
Salim Ali's fruit bat status
Classified as Critically Endangered (CR - B1+2c, D) on the IUCN Red List 2002 (1).Top
Salim Ali's fruit bat threats
Under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act all species of fruit bat are classified as pests and it is therefore legal to persecute them outside of protected reserves (5). Fruit bats are perceived as pests simply because they visit orchards, although they actually tend to feed on over-ripe fruit and do not pose a threat (3) (4) (6).Top
Salim Ali's fruit bat conservation
In 1999 and 2000, research into the population status, distribution and conservation of this species was carried out by Dr G. Agoramoorthy of the SMGM Foundation (India) and Sun Yat-Sen University (Taiwan) (4). Forty-six individuals were captured during the study, most of which were located in a private coffee cardamon plantation. The results of this study are to be used to identify new conservation areas in the Western Ghats. During the study, public awareness of Salim Ali's fruit bat was raised through a number of initiatives including the production of a book called 'Facts on Bats: An Introduction to the Bats of Tamilnadu State' and the local field assistants were given training on fruit bats (5) (4). The Chiropterological Society of India was recently formed to increase communication and coordination of the effort to save India's bats (3).Top
Find out more
If you are interested in supporting this project, please contact Dr Agoramoorthy at:
Authenticated (8/5/02) by Dr G. AgoramoorthyTop
- IUCN Red List (October, 2002) www.redlist.org
- Nowak, R.M. Walker's Mammals of The World. Online 5.1. http://www.press.jhu.edu/books/walker/chiroptera/chiroptera.pteropodidae.latidens.html
- Bat Conservation International (February, 2002) http://www.batcon.org/batsmag/v13n2-5.html
- Agoramoorthy, G. & Hsu, M.J. (2001) Facts on Bats: An Introduction to the Bats of Tamilnadu.
- Netherlands Committee for the IUCN (February, 2002) http://www.nciucn.nl/english/funds/trp/projectlists/ASIA.rtf
- Agoramoorthy, G. & Hsu, M.J. (2002) Current Science82: 244 - 245.
MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.
Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials
Copyright in this website and materials contained on this website (Material) belongs to Wildscreen or its licensors.
Visitors to this website (End Users) are entitled to:
- view the contents of, and Material on, the website;
- download and retain copies of the Material on their personal systems in digital form in low resolution for their own personal use;
- teachers, lecturers and students may incorporate the Material in their educational material (including, but not limited to, their lesson plans, presentations, worksheets and projects) in hard copy and digital format for use within a registered educational establishment, provided that the integrity of the Material is maintained and that copyright ownership and authorship is appropriately acknowledged by the End User.
End Users shall not copy or otherwise extract, alter or manipulate Material other than as permitted in these Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials.
Additional use of flagged material
Green flagged material
Certain Material on this website (Licence 4 Material) displays a green flag next to the Material and is available for not-for-profit conservation or educational use. This material may be used by End Users, who are individuals or organisations that are in our opinion not-for-profit, for their not-for-profit conservation or not-for-profit educational purposes. Low resolution, watermarked images may be copied from this website by such End Users for such purposes. If you require high resolution or non-watermarked versions of the Material, please contact Wildscreen with details of your proposed use.
Creative commons material
Certain Material on this website has been licensed to Wildscreen under a Creative Commons Licence. These images are clearly marked with the Creative Commons buttons and may be used by End Users only in the way allowed by the specific Creative Commons Licence under which they have been submitted. Please see http://creativecommons.org for details.
Any other use
Please contact the copyright owners directly (copyright and contact details are shown for each media item) to negotiate terms and conditions for any use of Material other than those expressly permitted above. Please note that many of the contributors to ARKive are commercial operators and may request a fee for such use.
Save as permitted above, no person or organisation is permitted to incorporate any copyright material from this website into any other work or publication in any format (this includes but is not limited to: websites, Apps, CDs, DVDs, intranets, extranets, signage, digital communications or on printed materials for external or other distribution). Use of the Material for promotional, administrative or for-profit purposes is not permitted.