A large portion of the rufous-faced crake’s range lies within the Cerrado, a vast tropical savanna covering parts of Brazil, northeastern Paraguay and eastern Bolivia. By 1993, two-thirds of the Cerrado region had been either converted or heavily modified, for human activities such as agriculture and cattle-ranching (3) (5). This is likely to have drastically reduced the amount of suitable habitat available for the rufous-faced crake. This continues to be a threat, and an increase in human population within this region will increase the pressure on the remaining intact vegetation (5). Fire is an additional potential threat to this species, although it does appear to tolerate some burning. A more significant threat to the rufous-faced crake is the widespread use of pesticides, fertilisers and other chemicals (2) (3).