Round ribbontail ray (Taeniurops meyeni)

loading
Round ribbontail ray
loading
Loading more images and videos...

Round ribbontail ray fact file

Round ribbontail ray description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassChondrichthyes
OrderDasyatidae
FamilyDasyatidae
GenusTaeniura (1)

As with most rays, the body of this large stingray is flattened and disc-shaped, with the pectoral fins broadly expanded and joined to the head and body. The tail is distinctly demarcated from the disc-like body, relatively narrow, and about as long as the body length. The round ribbontail ray has a circular-shaped disc that has a mottled pattern of black, grey and white spots and blotches on its upper surface, while the tail is uniformly black behind the sting (3) (4). The underside is pale, while the edges of the body disc and under-surface of the tail are a greyish-brown to black (3). A deep and prominent skin fold runs along the underside of the tail (2) (4).

Also known as
black-blotched Stingray, black-spotted Stingray, blotched fantail ray, blotched ribbontail ray, fantail Stingray, giant Reef Ray, marbled fantail ray, marbled ray, marbled ribbontail ray, marbled stingray, speckled stingray.
Synonyms
Taeniura melanospilos, Taeniura meyeni.
French
Pastenague Eventail.
Size
Total length: up to 330 cm (2)
Disc width: up to 180 cm (3)
Weight
up to 150 kg (2)
Top

Round ribbontail ray biology

The round ribbontail ray feeds on bottom-dwelling fish, crabs and shrimp (2); the positioning of the mouth on the underside of the body is perfect for scooping up animals hiding in the sand.

These rays can be found singly or in aggregations (2). Reproduction is ovoviviparous, with up to seven live young being born per litter (6).

Top

Round ribbontail ray range

Found throughout the East and West Pacific, Red Sea and Indian Ocean (5). Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, Micronesia, tropical Australia and Lord Howe Island (2). Eastern Pacific: known only from oceanic islands (Cocos and the Galapagos), where the species is very common, but individuals may also colonise waters around the Central America mainland (2) (5).

See this species on Google Earth.

Top

Round ribbontail ray habitat

Occurs in a range of habitats, from shallow lagoons to outer reef slopes, to depths of 500 m (2).

Top

Round ribbontail ray status

The round ribbontail ray (Taeniurops meyeni) is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Vulnerable

Top

Round ribbontail ray threats

The round ribbontail ray is reportedly caught by trawl nets, gill nets and hook lines in Malaysia (3), although it may also be affected by fisheries elsewhere. Additionally, the ray is sought by surf and ski boat anglers in southern Africa, but is usually released unharmed (2).

Top

Round ribbontail ray conservation

There are currently no conservation measures targeting this species. The ray is found in various protected areas, however, such as Lord Howe Island Marine Park (7). The longevity record for a specimen in an aquarium is 81 days, suggesting that captive breeding is not a viable option in efforts to increase numbers of this animal (2).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi is a principal sponsor of ARKive. EAD is working to protect and conserve the environment as well as promoting sustainable development in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
Top

Find out more

For further information on the conservation of sharks and rays see:

 

Top

Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

Top

Glossary

Ovovivipary
Method of reproduction whereby the egg shell is weakly formed and young hatch inside the female; they are nourished by their yolk sac and then ‘born’ live.
Pectoral fins
In fish, the pair of fins that are found one on each side of the body just behind the gills. They are generally used for balancing and braking.
Top

References

  1. IUCN Red List (June, 2011)
    http://www.redlist.org
  2. FishBase (April, 2006)
    http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?ID=6482&genusname=Taeniura&speciesname=meyeni
  3. Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department (MFRDMD) (April, 2006)
    http://www.mfrdmd.org.my/sumber/ray/Taeniura_meyeni.htm
  4. Marine Themes (April, 2006)
    http://www.marinethemes.com/blotchedray.html
  5. Elasmodiver (April, 2006)
    http://www.elasmodiver.com/Marbled%20ribbontail%20ray.htm
  6. MarineBio.org (April, 2006)
    http://www.marinebio.com/species.asp?id=59
  7. Australian Government: Department of Environment and Heritage (April, 2006)
    http://www.aims.gov.au/pages/research/marine-surveys/lord-howe-island/executive-summary.html
X
Close

Image credit

Round ribbontail ray  
Round ribbontail ray

© Andy Murch / Elasmodiver.com

Elasmodiver.com
andymurch1@gmail.com
http://www.elasmodiver.com

X
Close

Link to this photo

ARKive species - Round ribbontail ray (Taeniurops meyeni) Embed this ARKive thumbnail link ("portlet") by copying and pasting the code below.

Terms of Use - The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to ARKive's online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. It may NOT be used within Apps.

Read more about

X
Close

MyARKive

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.

Play the Team WILD game:

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Your mission: protect and conserve the planet’s species and habitats from destruction.

Conservation in Action

Which species are on the road to recovery? Find out now »

This species is featured in:

This species is featured in Jewels of the UAE, which showcases biodiversity found in the United Arab Emirates in association with the Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi.

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Donate today!

Blog