Round Island keel-scaled boa (Casarea dussumieri)

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Female Round Island keel-scaled boa
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Round Island keel-scaled boa fact file

Round Island keel-scaled boa description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyBolyeridae
GenusCasarea (1)

The Round Island keel-scaled boa is one of the world's rarest snakes (2). This slender snake may reach up to 1.5 metres in length, the upper surface is generally dark brown whilst the underside is lighter with very dark spots. The body is covered in small, keeled scales that give rise to the species' common name (2).

French
Boa De L'Ile Ronde De Dussumier.
Spanish
Boa De Round Island.
Size
Length: 1 - 1.5m (2)
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Round Island keel-scaled boa biology

Little is known about the natural ecology and behaviour of this elusive snake. Primarily nocturnal, juveniles and adult males in particular are partially arboreal. Their diet is composed exclusively of lizards, some of which are also endangered species endemic to Round Island (1). The breeding season is thought to begin in April although young have been observed at practically all times of the year. A clutch of up to 12 soft-shelled eggs is laid, perhaps amongst leaf litter or in a hollow palm trunk, and may be attended by the female (1). The incubation period is about 90 days, unusually long for a snake; young are born weighing less than 5 grams and are bright orange in colour (6).

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Round Island keel-scaled boa range

Found only on Round Island off the north coast of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean (5).

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Round Island keel-scaled boa habitat

Historically inhabited tropical hardwood forest and palm savannah, but since the introduction of goats and rabbits to the island much of this habitat has been destroyed. As a result of habitat degradation the boa currently persists in degraded palm savannah and shrub layer vegetation (1).

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Round Island keel-scaled boa status

Classified as Endangered (EN - D) on the IUCN Red List 2002 (3), and listed on Appendix I of CITES (4).

IUCN Red List species status – Endangered

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Round Island keel-scaled boa threats

Habitat loss has been rife throughout the Mascarene Islands. Vast tracts of native forest (over 90%) have been cleared to make way for agriculture and on Round Island the introduction of rabbits and goats has further damaged native flora (7); however, these were removed during the 1980’s. Perhaps 500 adults remain (with a total population of approximately 1000 individuals) on the 159-hectare Round Island (1).

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Round Island keel-scaled boa conservation

Round Island is a protected area and visitors to the island are restricted to scientists and conservationists (5). Rabbits and goats have been eradicated and the native vegetation of the island, much of which is itself endemic and endangered, is beginning to recover. The Government of Mauritius and the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation are also running an intensive habitat restoration programme (1). International trade is prohibited by the listing of this snake on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (4). A captive breeding programme has been established with the aim of safeguarding the future of this rare snake and learning more about its complex biology (2). The Round Island keel-scaled boa is one of two snakes to be found only on this island, belonging to an ancient line that dates back over 60 million years (7). Its relative Bolyeria multocarinata however, has not been seen in the wild since 1975 and is feared to be extinct (2).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Authentication

Information authenticated (12/6/03) by Richard Gibson, Curator of Herpetology, Zoological Society of London.
http://www.zsl.org

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Glossary

Arboreal
Living in trees.
Endemic
A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
Keel
A structure that resembles the keel of a ship either in function or in shape. An example is the breastbone of flying birds, which have deep keels onto which the large breastbones attach.
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References

  1. Gibson, R. (June, 2003) Pers. comm.
  2. Burnie, D. [ed.] (2001) Animal. Dorling Kindersley, London
  3. IUCN Red List (April, 2003) http://www.redlist.org
  4. CITES (April, 2003) http://www.cites.org
  5. Encyclopedia Mauritania (April, 2003) http://www.encyclopedia.mu/Nature/Fauna/Reptiles/Casarea_dussumieri.htm
  6. Bloxam, Q.M.C.B. and Tonge, S.J. (1986) The Round Island Boa Casarea dussumieri Breeding Programme at the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust. Dodo. J. Jersey Wildl. Preserv. Trust, 23: 101 - 107.
  7. WWF (April, 2003) http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/at/at0120.html
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Image credit

Female Round Island keel-scaled boa  
Female Round Island keel-scaled boa

© Richard Gibson

Richard Gibson
Curator of Herpetology
Zoological Society of London
Regents Park
London
NW1 4RY
United Kingdom
Richard.Gibson@zsl.org
http://www.zsl.org

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