There are currently no conservation measures in place which specifically target the rough nose horned lizard. This species does occur in a number of protected areas, such as the Sinharaja National Heritage Wilderness Area, but illegal logging and encroachment often remain a problem (1).
Recommended conservation measures for this unusual lizard include minimising further habitat loss and adequately managing protected areas. Further research into the rough nose horned lizard’s populations, biology and habitat should also be carried out (1) (6) (8).
Although many related species are reported to be difficult to keep and breed in captivity (2), captive breeding of the rough nose horned lizard has been suggested as a safeguard against the loss of its wild populations due, for example, to fires or droughts (6). Captive breeding programmes for this and other species could also play a role in raising public awareness and aiding research into these poorly known reptiles (8).