Reeve's muntjac is active throughout the day and night, with peaks of activity at dawn and dusk (2). They feed on bramble, ferns, ivy, grasses and tree shoots, and unfortunately have a penchant for plants with a high conservation status such as bluebells and primulas (2), causing serious conflict in conservation areas (2).
This deer is a solitary species; although individuals may occur in the same area (6). Unlike many deer species, Reeve's muntjac does not have a fixed breeding season, but reproduces throughout the year; correspondingly bucks are always territorial (6). They defend their territory by scent marking, depositing heaps of dung and aggressively repelling intruders using their canine teeth and/ or antlers (6). Females produce a single fawn at intervals of about 7 months (3), at 7 months of age, the fawns reach sexual maturity; females tend to remain close to their mothers' range, but males disperse further afield (3).
This deer often barks for a number of reasons, which has earned the species the alternative common name of 'barking deer' (5). Both the Latin and common name refer to John Reeves, Assistant Inspector of Tea for the East India Company in 1812 (6).