Wednesday 22 May
Redfin shiner (Lythrurus umbratilis)
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Redfin shiner fact file
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Redfin shiner description
The redfin shiner (Lythrurus umbratilis) is a deep-bodied, medium-sized minnow with a short, rounded snout and large eyes (3) (4). The body is light olive to steel-blue, with silver sides and a few black specks above, including a dark blotch at the base of the dorsal fin. During the breeding season, the male redfin shiner develops a blue head, vertical stripes on the front half of the body and a red tint to the fins (5) (6). Tubercles also appear on the head and cheeks (3).
- Length: up to 8.8 cm (2)
Redfin shiner biology
Breeding occurs between late April and late August, when male redfin shiners aggregate in dense swarms at spawning grounds. The females remain in deep water until ready to spawn. Each male defends a territory over a sunfish (Lepomis) nest, into which the eggs are cast. The male and female redfin shiner swim parallel while the male stimulates the female to release the eggs with vibrations of its body (9).Top
Redfin shiner range
The redfin shiner is found in the Mississippi and Ohio valleys and the southern Great Lakes tributaries, as well as the Gulf Coast drainages. It ranges from south-eastern Minnesota, southern Ontario and western New York, south to Mississippi, Louisiana, and eastern Texas (7).Top
Redfin shiner habitatTop
Redfin shiner status
The redfin shiner has not yet been classified by the IUCN.Top
Redfin shiner threats
It is not known whether there are any major threats to the redfin shiner.Top
Redfin shiner conservation
The redfin shiner has not been the target of any known conservation measures.Top
Find out more
Find out more about the redfin shiner:Top
This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
- Simple plants that lack roots, stems and leaves but contain the green pigment chlorophyll. Most occur in marine and freshwater habitats.
- Dorsal fin
- The unpaired fin found on the back of the body of fish, or the raised structure on the back of most cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises).
- Animals with no backbone, such as insects, crustaceans, worms, molluscs, spiders, cnidarians (jellyfish, corals, sea anemones) and echinoderms.
- The production or depositing of eggs in water.
- An area occupied and defended by an animal, a pair of animals or a group.
- A small, rounded, wart-like bump on the skin or on a bone.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) (July, 2011)
FishBase - Redfin shiner (July, 2011)
- Ross, S.T. (2001) Inland Fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson.
- Miller, R.J. and Robison, H.W. (2004) Fishes of Oklahoma. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
- Goldstein, R.J., Harper, R.W. and Edwards, R. (2000) American Aquarium Fishes. Texas A&M University Press, Texas.
Texas Parks and Wildlife - Redfin shiner (July, 2011)
NatureServe Explorer - Redfin shiner (July, 2011)
Texas State University: Biology Department - Redfin shiner (July, 2011)
- Stauffer, J.R. Jr., Boltz, J.M. and White, L.R. (1995) The Fishes of West Virginia. Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania.
More »Related species
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