Reddish buff moth (Acosmetia caliginosa)

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Reddish Buff
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Reddish buff moth fact file

Reddish buff moth description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderLepidoptera
FamilyNoctuidae
GenusAcosmetia

The Reddish Buff moth's name provides a good description of the adult. It is a night-flying moth and hides up in vegetation during daylight hours. The caterpillars are bright green with yellow stripes and are found in July and August on their food plant, saw-wort.

Size
Wingspan: 25 - 27 mm
Body length: 10 - 12 mm
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Reddish buff moth biology

Having laid its eggs on saw-wort, the moth's caterpillars feed on the plant before spending the winter just below ground as pupae. The adult moth emerges in late May to early June and, like most moths, is nocturnal. It hides by day in long grass or other vegetation and will only fly if disturbed.

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Reddish buff moth range

Once found in the New Forest and parts of Hampshire, since 1960 the reddish buff moth has been confined to one site on the Isle of Wight. This consists of two fragments of heath land.

You can view distribution information for this species at the National Biodiversity Network Gateway.
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Reddish buff moth habitat

The moth requires sites that receive enough sunshine to encourage saw-wort, its food plant, to grow. Saw-wort grows on a variety of habitats including damp grassland, fen margins, heaths and woodland rides.

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Reddish buff moth status

Classified as Endangered in the UK.

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Reddish buff moth threats

Much of the decline in numbers has been due to changes in the habitat preferred by the reddish buff moth. The sites where the moth was formally found have been planted with conifer crops, which has shaded out the saw-wort and resulted in the loss of reddish buff moths from the UK mainland. Elsewhere, neglect of sites has allowed scrub to predominate and in these conditions the moth cannot survive.

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Reddish buff moth conservation

This species had declined to such a level that it has been added to the Wildlife and Countryside Act. English Nature's Species Recovery Programme has encouraged careful and accurate monitoring of the numbers remaining at the one site and has ensured that the habitat is managed in a viable way. Light-trapping and release of adult moths is undertaken each year to gain some idea of existing numbers. Re-introduction of moths to former sites in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight is currently in progress. A captive-breeding project is underway to maximise the survival rate of the pupae and provide larvae for the re-introduction programme.

There may be further information about this species available via the National Biodiversity Network Gateway.
The UK Biodiversity Action Plan for this species is available at UK BAP.
View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Authentication

Information supplied by English Nature.

http://www.english-nature.org.uk

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Glossary

Larvae
Stage in an animal's lifecycle after it hatches from the egg. Larvae are typically very different in appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to reproduce.
Nocturnal
Active at night.
Pupae
Stage in an insect's development when huge changes occur, which reorganise the larval form into the adult form. In butterflies the pupa is also called a chrysalis.
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References

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Image credit

Reddish Buff  
Reddish Buff

© Paul Waring

Paul Waring
Windmill View
1366 Lincoln Road
Werrington
Peterborough
PE4 6LS
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 1733 571 917
paul_waring@btinternet.com

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