Red-shouldered vanga (Calicalicus rufocarpalis)

loading
Red-shouldered vanga
loading
Loading more images and videos...

Red-shouldered vanga fact file

Red-shouldered vanga description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderPasseriformes
FamilyVangidae
GenusCalicalicus (1)

This small bird was first described to science as recently as 1997 (1). It is named for the brick-red feathers on the ‘shoulders’, which contrast with the grey back and dark grey wings. The underparts have whitish plumage, with a wash of chestnut over the breast and flanks (2). A black patch sits like a bib at the top of the breast and extends up over the sides of the neck, contrasting with the white face. Female red-shouldered vangas differ slightly from this description, having olive-grey-brown upperparts, a whitish throat, and buff to whitish underparts. The eyes are pale lemon yellow, the bill is black and the legs and feet are pinkish-grey (2). Vangas generally have an elaborate and melodic vocal repertoire (3); this species song is a loud ‘tyu-tee(4).

Size
Length: 14 – 15 cm (2)
Top

Red-shouldered vanga biology

Often found in small groups, the red-shouldered vanga searches for food in low, dense bushes, two to three metres off the ground, where it plucks its small insect prey from leaves and branches (2) (4). Vangas generally build deep, bowl-shaped nests (3).

Top

Red-shouldered vanga range

The red-shouldered vanga is endemic to Madagascar where, to date, it has been recorded from several locations in the south-west of the island (4).

Top

Red-shouldered vanga habitat

This species is found in dense scrub dominated by Euphorbia species (a diverse group of succulent plants) (4), at altitudes around 100 metres (2).

Top

Red-shouldered vanga status

Classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN Red List 2007 (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Vulnerable

Top

Red-shouldered vanga threats

While in some areas the habitat of the red-shouldered vanga is being degraded by goat grazing, shrub clearance for charcoal, and timber extraction, the majority of the habitat remains intact as the soil is unsuitable for agriculture. However, as the red-shouldered vanga is known only from a small area, its status could deteriorate rapidly should this situation change (4).

Top

Red-shouldered vanga conservation

The red-shouldered vanga occurs within one protected area: the Tsimanampetsotsa Strict Reserve. Another region within its range has been identified as a site of special biodiversity interest and warrants formal protection (4). This protection, along with further research into the species, has been recommended by BirdLife International to ensure this species’ conservation status does not worsen (4).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Top

Find out more

For further information on the red-shouldered vanga see:

Top

Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

Top

Glossary

Endemic
A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
Top

References

  1. IUCN Red List (September, 2007)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org
  2. Morris, P. and Hawkins, F. (1998) Birds of Madagascar. A Photographic Guide. Pica Press, East Sussex.
  3. Langrand, O. (1990) Guide to the Birds of Madagascar. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.
  4. BirdLife International (May, 2008)
    http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=9808&m=0
X
Close

Image credit

Red-shouldered vanga  
Red-shouldered vanga

© Per Smitterberg

Per Smitterberg
per.smitterberg@telia.com

X
Close

Link to this photo

ARKive species - Red-shouldered vanga (Calicalicus rufocarpalis) Embed this ARKive thumbnail link ("portlet") by copying and pasting the code below.

Terms of Use - The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to ARKive's online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. It may NOT be used within Apps.

Read more about

X
Close

MyARKive

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.

Play the Team WILD game:

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Your mission: protect and conserve the planet’s species and habitats from destruction.

Conservation in Action

Which species are on the road to recovery? Find out now »

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Donate today!

Blog RSS