Red latan palm (Latania lontaroides)

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Red latan palm fact file

Red latan palm description

KingdomPlantae
PhylumTracheophyta
ClassLiliopsida
OrderArecales
FamilyPalmae
GenusLatania (1)

The red latan palm is an attractive, medium to large, fan palm restricted to a small strip of coastline on a single island in the southern Indian Ocean (1) (3). The rounded crown is made up of numerous, two to three metre wide, palmate leaves, while the straight, deep-grey trunk is lined with closely packed rings where the leaf sheaths have fallen away (2). When young, the stiff leaflets are distinctively tinged with red, hence this palm’s common name, but with age take on a deeper green colour (2) (3) (4). A dioecious species, male and female flowers are found on separate plants (5).

French
Latanier de la Réunion, Latanier rouge.
Size
Height: up to 15 m (2)
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Red latan palm biology

The red latan palm is a relatively hardy species with a high salt tolerance (5).

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Red latan palm range

Endemic to Reunion Island, where it occurs on the coast between Petite Ile and Saint-Philippe (1).

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Red latan palm habitat

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Red latan palm status

Classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Endangered

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Red latan palm threats

This once common palm, has declined in extent and abundance due to increasing agriculture and the expansion of human settlements (1).

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Red latan palm conservation

There are no known conservation measures in place for the red latan palm, but this species is cultivated as an ornamental palm around the world (2) (4).

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Find out more

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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Glossary

Endemic
A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (November, 2009)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  2. Riffle, R.L. (2008) Timber Press Pocket Guide to Palms. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon..
  3. Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia (PACSOA) (November, 2009)
    http://www.pacsoa.org.au/palms/Latania/lontaroides.html
  4. Riffle, R.L. and Craft, P. (2003) An Encyclopaedia of Cultivated Palms. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon..
  5. Llamas, K.A. (2003) Tropical Flowering Plants: A Guide to Identification and Cultivation. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
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Image credit

Red latan palm frond  
Red latan palm frond

© Muriel Hazan / Biosphoto

Biosphoto
19 Rue du Vieux Sextier
Avignon
84000
France
Tel: +33 (490) 162 042
Fax: +33 (413) 416 110
http://www.biosphoto.com/

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