The kakerori has been rescued from the brink of extinction by a devoted conservation initiative, with the close involvement of local landowners. The Takitumu Conservation Area was set up in 1996, building on the work of the Kakerori recovery Programme, initiated in 1987. The valleys that support the kakerori are owned by three traditional landowning clans, the Kainuku, Karika and Manavaroa families, who joined forces to save the unique and highly endangered kakerori. The three families took over management of the project and formed a co-ordinating committee in 1996 (4) and are now developing an economically sustainable ecotourism project (2). Intensive rat control and nest protection began in the area in 1989, and an annual census of the population has since been taken every spring. The population increased every year, reaching 100 individuals in 1995, 200 by 2000 and 248 by 2001. In 2000 BirdLife International downgraded the status of the species from Critically Endangered to Endangered, then down to Vulnerable in 2012, a fitting reward for the efforts of this intensive conservation programme. Since 2002 the focus of the project has shifted from recovery to sustainable management of the population. The very high vulnerability of the single Rarotonga population to chance events, such as cyclones, led to the establishment of a second population on the rat-free island of Atiu in 2002. Early indications that this population is breeding successfully show that the kakerori’s eggs are now no longer in one basket.