Of the three naturally occurring populations, one is permanently protected by the State and The Nature Conservancy; the other two occur on privately owned land, one of which is being protected by the landowner. In 2001, a significant step was made towards the recovery of Pyne’s ground plum, with the creation of a new population at Stones River National Battlefield in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, as the result of the collaborative efforts of the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Missouri Botanical Garden, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Park Service (5). This project was only made possible once, after working with the species for a number of years, workers at the Missouri Botanical Garden established reliable protocols for propagating Pyne’s ground plum from seed (4). By 2002, many of these reintroduced plants had flowered and set seed (7). Reproduction in the wild is a major milestone in the long road to recovery for this imperilled species (7), and there are high hopes that the new population will be self-sustaining (4).