Pohle’s fruit bat (Scotonycteris ophiodon)

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Pohle's fruit bat
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Pohle’s fruit bat fact file

Pohle’s fruit bat description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderChiroptera
FamilyPteropodidae
GenusScotonycteris (1)

A relatively little-known bat, Pohle’s fruit bat (Scotonycteris ophiodon) has russet, rust brown or dark brown fur, which is paler on the underside. Around the eyes are patches of white fur, and one individual has been found with yellow spots behind its eyes (2). Pohle’s fruit bat belongs to the Pteropodidae family: a group of bats also known as flying foxes, which have dog-like faces with large eyes and simple, widely separated ears (3).

Size
Head-body length: 104 – 143 mm (2)
Forearm length: 76 – 88 mm (2)
Weight
65 – 72 g (2)
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Pohle’s fruit bat biology

This nocturnal mammal is thought to be a solitary bat, which inhabits trees and feeds continuously during hours of darkness (2). In captivity, Pohle’s fruit bat has fed on fruit such as bananas, guavas and plantains. Females seem to be the more active and the more vocal sex, emitting a high-pitched whistle throughout the night (2).

The available data indicate that most female Pohle’s fruit bats are pregnant during August and September, but there may also be a second breeding period at the end of the year. A single young is born at a time (2).

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Pohle’s fruit bat range

Pohle’s fruit bat is known from only a few locations in Liberia, Ghana, Cameroon, Republic of Congo and Côte d'Ivoire (1).

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Pohle’s fruit bat habitat

Pohle’s fruit bat inhabits moist lowland forest (1), mostly between 1,000 and 1,200 metres above sea level (2).

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Pohle’s fruit bat status

Pohle's fruit bat is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Near Threatened

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Pohle’s fruit bat threats

Pohle’s fruit bat is known from only a few locations, areas where the forest is being degraded or lost to agriculture, mining and logging (1). This habitat destruction is suspected to have reduced numbers of Pohle’s fruit bat. Populations are predicted to continue to decline in the future, making this fruit bat at risk from extinction (1).

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Pohle’s fruit bat conservation

Pohle’s fruit bat is known to occur in at least one protected area, the Taï National Park in Côte d’Ivoire (1) (4), but further measures, including the management of existing protected areas, have been recommended by IUCN (1).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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Glossary

Nocturnal
Active at night.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (March, 2011)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org
  2. Nowak, R.M. (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
  3. Macdonald, D.W. (2006) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  4. Monadjem, A. and Fahr, J. (2007) Rapid survey of bats of North Lorma, Gola and Grebo National Forests, with notes on shrews and rodents. In: Hoke, P., Demey, R. and Peal, A. (Eds) A Rapid Biological Assessment of North Lorma, Gola and Grebo National Forests, Liberia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 44. Conservation International, Arlington, USA.
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Image credit

Pohle's fruit bat  
Pohle's fruit bat

© Marco Polo Film

Marco Polo Film AG
Handschuhsheimer Landstr. 73
Heidelberg
D-69121
Germany
Tel: +49 (0) 6221 400 780
Fax: +49 (0) 6221 400 884
office@marco-polo-film.de
http://www.marco-polo-film.de/

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