Pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello)
|Also known as:||banded barracuda, giant sea pike, Indian barracuda, pickhandle seapike|
|Size||Length: 80 - 125 cm (2)|
|Weight||up to 11.5 kg (3)|
The pickhandle barracuda has yet to be classified by the IUCN.
A large, streamlined predatory fish with a fierce appearance, the pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello) is capable of quickly pursuing its prey using thrusts of the powerful, forked tail fin (2). The mouth of this species is large, reaching back level with the small eye, and is armed with long, sharp, dagger-like teeth. The dark bars that streak its sides are vertical in the lower half, but angled in the top half in the shape of a pick, giving this fish its common name. The pickhandle barracuda is light silver in colour, which acts as camouflage, making it difficult to see from below against the surface light (4) (5) (6).
The pickhandle barracuda occurs in the Indian and west Pacific Oceans, ranging from the south-eastern coast of South Africa, across the northern Indian Ocean to Southeast Asia and Australia (2).
The pickhandle barracuda is most commonly found around coral reefs, but also inhabits bays, estuaries and lagoons, at depths of between 20 and 200 metres (2) (7).
Using its excellent camouflage and ability to remain completely still in the water as if frozen (5), the pickhandle barracuda lies in wait for its fish or squid prey (2). Larger pickhandle barracuda tend to be solitary, while smaller individuals occur in schools (2) (8).
As with other barracuda species, little is known about the reproductive cycle of the pickhandle barracuda, but it is believed that spawning occurs once a year, with eggs and sperm being released into the open ocean for external fertilisation (5).
Despite being exploited for both sport and commercial fishing, the pickhandle barracuda does not appear to be under threat of extinction, although its exact conservation status has yet to be assessed (9).
There are currently no known conservation measures targeting the pickhandle barracuda.
For more information on the pickhandle barracuda:
For more information on fish conservation:
World Fisheries Trust:
This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
- Fertilisation: the fusion of gametes (male and female reproductive cells) to produce an embryo, which grows into a new individual.
- Spawning: the production or depositing of large quantities of eggs in water.
UNEP-WCMC (October, 2010)
FishBase - pickhandle barracuda (October, 2010)
- Heemstra, E. and Heemstra, P. (2004) Coastal Fishes of Southern Africa. NISC and SAIAB, Grahamstown, South Africa.
- Randall, J.E. and Hoover, J.P. (1995) Coastal Fishes of Oman. Crawford House Publishing Pty Ltd, Bathurst, Australia.
- Hansford-Steele, B. (2004) African Fly-Fishing Handbook. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
- Campbell, A. and Dawes, J. (2005) Encyclopedia of Underwater Life. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Carpenter, K.E. and Niem, V.H. (2001) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific Volume 6: Bony Fishes Part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), Estuarine Crocodiles, Sea Turtles, Sea Snakes and Marine Mammals. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome. Available at:
AustralianMuseum- pickhandle barracuda (October, 2010)
South African Game Reserves - pickhandle barracuda (October, 2010)