Philippine mahogany (Shorea almon)
|Size||Height: 70 m (2)|
Trunk diameter: 1.6 m (2)
Classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List 2007 (1).
This large, highly threatened tree has elliptical, papery, wavy leaves that measure up to 16 centimetres long and 7 centimetres wide. The bark can be almost smooth on young trees, but as the tree ages, furrows develop, which deepen as time passes. The inner bark is light brown to yellowish and has a slightly stringy texture. The fruit of the Philippine mahogany is almost spherical, about one centimetre across, and densely covered with short, soft hairs (2).
Occurs in the Philippines and in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia (3).
The Philippine mahogany grows on hills at low altitudes, in primary, mixed dipterocarp forest (2) (3).
Very little information is available about the biology of the Philippine mahogany. Flowering occurs between March and April and the tree bears fruits between June and July (2).
The Philippine mahogany has become depleted due to logging and slash-and-burn farming (2). The moderately hard and comparatively light timber is in great demand for plywood (2) (3), and is also used for furniture, boat decking and for many other purposes (2).
Despite being Critically Endangered, it is not clear whether any conservation measures exist for this species.
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- Dipterocarp: trees of the family Dipterocarpaceae: resinous trees that are found in the old world tropics.
- Primary: relating to forest, forest that has remained undisturbed for a long time and has reached a mature condition.
- Slash-and-burn: the cutting and burning of forests or woodlands to create space for agriculture or livestock.
IUCN Red List (June, 2007)
- De Guzman, E.D., Umali, R.M. and Sotalbo, E.D. (1986) Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna. Volume 3: Dipterocarps and Non-Dipterocarps. Natural Resources Management Center, Ministry of Natural Resources and University of the Philippines, Philippines.
- Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (1998) The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.