The Philippine eagle-owl is known from several protected areas (2), including three CPPAP sites (Conservation of Priority Protected Areas Project): Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park on Luzon, and Mts Kitanglad and Apo on Mindanao (6). Aside from these areas, the species is known from two "key sites" (Central Catanduanes and Angat Watershed on Luzon) that, it has been advocated, deserve formal designation as protected areas (6). However, protection measures in existing ‘protected areas’ also need to be improved in accordance with their official protected status, such as at the U. P. Laguna Land Grant, which currently lacks full protection (6). Hunting of all bird species is illegal in the Philippines, but enforcement is lacking or inadequate and local people in many areas are likely to resist attempts at strict control (7). In the mid-1990s, the bird featured on a bilingual environmental awareness poster focusing on owls as part of the "Only in the Philippines" series (2) (6). However, concerted education and awareness programmes are still needed within the communities in and around key sites, to demonstrate the effects of hunting on the threatened birds (7).
The Philippine eagle-owl has become the ‘flagship species’ for the Philippine Owl Conservation Programme (POCP), which was set up by the World Owl Trust (WOT) (working alongside the UK Owl Taxon Advisory Group and in partnership with the Philippine Government) to help ensure the survival of endangered endemic owl species and their habitats (8). The WOT has made considerable efforts to set up captive-breeding programmes for the eagle-owl (8) and, finally, in December 2005, the Negros Forests and Ecological Foundation Inc. (NFEFI) announced that a Philippine eagle-owl had successfully hatched in captivity (9). The breeding of this poorly understood eagle-owl at NFEFI is the world's first and only successful breeding of the species in captivity, and provides new hope for the conservation, propagation and ultimately the survival of this rare, endemic bird for the future (9).