The Pemba green-pigeon spends most of its time high in the trees, where it feeds in the canopy on a wide variety of fruit and only descends to the ground to take fallen fruit. It is known to consume figs and mangoes and is particularly fond of the young fruits of the betal palm Areca Catechu (2) (4). Pemba green-pigeons are found in pairs or small flocks, and despite a history of hunting reportedly making this pigeon shy, it visits fruiting trees in urban areas and villages (2).
Pemba green-pigeons may also nest close to human habitation, in gardens and plantations. Breeding is believed to occur primarily from October to February, when a pair of pernickety pigeons will build two or three flimsy, twig nests before finally selecting one in which to lay their eggs. The chosen nest, situated in a thick tangle of branches and vines, will house the one or two glossy white eggs (2). Unfortunately, these fragile nests are often destroyed by gusts of wind (3).