Pau-branco (Picconia azorica)

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Pau-branco fact file

Pau-branco description

KingdomPlantae
PhylumTracheophyta
ClassMagnoliopsida
OrderScrophulariales
FamilyOleaceae
GenusPicconia (1)

A shrub species, the pau-branco has a distinctive greyish or silvery sheen to its leaves, which are opposite each other on the stems. It is a flowering plant, producing a fleshy fruit (3).

Also known as
wood-white.
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Pau-branco biology

The pau-branco has flowers with the organs of both sexes, and produces fleshy berry-like fruits (3).

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Pau-branco range

Endemic to the islands of the Azores, the pau-branco was previously found on every island except Graciosa, but is now extinct, or nearing extinction, on many of them (1).

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Pau-branco habitat

The pau-branco is found scattered through coastal forests which now consist mainly of introduced species (1).

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Pau-branco status

The pau-branco is classified as Endangered (EN B1 + 2c) on the IUCN Red List 2004 (1) and is listed in Annex II of the EC Habitats Directive (2).

IUCN Red List species status – Endangered

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Pau-branco threats

Habitat degradation and logging for timber have led to the loss of this species on many of the islands it had previously inhabited (1).

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Pau-branco conservation

No specific conservation action has been targeted at this species, but its inclusion in the EC Habitats Directive means that it has been recognised that for successful conservation of the pau-branco, the designation of special areas of conservation is necessary (2).

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Find out more

For further information on this plant family see Heywood, V.W. (1978) Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact: arkive@wildscreen.org.uk
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Glossary

Endemic
A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (February, 2005)
    http://www.redlist.org
  2. EC Habitats Directive (February, 2005)
    http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-1374
  3. Heywood, V.W. (1978) Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
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Image credit

Pau-branco flowers  
Pau-branco flowers

© Hanno Schäfer

Hanno Schäfer
hannoschaefer99@hotmail.com

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