Patagonian mockingbird (Mimus patagonicus)

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Patagonian mockingbird standing in sand
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Patagonian mockingbird fact file

Patagonian mockingbird description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderPasseriformes
FamilyMimidae
GenusMimus (1)

The Patagonian mockingbird is a small, South American passerine with a sombre plumage of browns, greys and whites (3). The upperparts of its body are greyish-brown, while the flight feathers are blackish with white tips. The crown of its head is brown but a black line runs through each eye and a whitish stripe, formally termed the supercilium, arches over each eye. The throat and belly are buffy-grey and the tail is black (2). In appearance, the Patagonian mockingbird closely resembles the more northerly chalk-browed mockingbird but is best identified by its smaller size, shorter tail, and less prominent supercilium (2) (3).

Size
Length: 22 - 25 cm (2)
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Patagonian mockingbird biology

Although often seen surveying its surroundings from a perch, the Patagonian mockingbird normally forages from the ground (2) (3). It is predominately insectivorous, but outside of the breeding season, will also eat fruits and berries (2)

In the north of its range, the Patagonian mockingbird is resident year round, but southerly populations migrate north over winter (2) (3). Breeding takes place from October through to January, but generally occurs earlier in the south. Breeding pairs are monogamous with each clutch comprising three to six eggs laid in a small twiggy nest in low vegetation (2).

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Patagonian mockingbird range

The Patagonian mockingbird occurs in northwest, central and southern Argentina, and in southern Chile (2).

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Patagonian mockingbird habitat

Found in open woodland and desert shrubland from sea level up to 1,800 metres (2).

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Patagonian mockingbird status

Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

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Patagonian mockingbird threats

The Patagonian mockingbird is relatively common through most of its range and is not thought to be under any significant threat (2).

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Patagonian mockingbird conservation

There are no conservation measures in place for the Patagonian mockingbird.

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Find out more

For information on the conservation of birds across the Americas see:

For more information on this and other bird species please see:

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact: arkive@wildscreen.org.uk
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Glossary

Passerine
A group of more than 5,000 species of small to medium-sized birds which have widely varied plumage and shape. They all have three toes pointing forward and one directed backward which assists with perching, and are sometimes known as perching birds or song birds.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (October, 2008)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org
  2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (2005) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10: Cuckoo-Shrikes to Thrushes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  3. Ridgely, R.S. and Tudor, G. (1989) The Birds of South America, Volume I: The Oscine Passerines: Jays, Swallows, Wrens, Thrushes and Allies, Vireos, Wood-warblers, Tanagers, Icterids and Finches. The University of Texas Press, Austin.
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Image credit

Patagonian mockingbird standing in sand  
Patagonian mockingbird standing in sand

© Mariana Descalzo

Mariana Descalzo
meldes@gmail.com
http://www.flickr.com/photos/meldes/

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