Foraging for food both in the trees and on the ground, the main component of the pale-capped pigeon’s diet is fruit found within the forest, such as figs and berries (4). Seeds and grain are also important (3), and it can be seen feeding in rice fields after the harvest (2). It has also been known to eat grit, which helps to grind up food in the stomach (4). The pale-capped pigeon is typically observed individually, or in very small flocks (2).
The pale-capped pigeon lays eggs between May and June in India and Myanmar, and a few months earlier in Laos and Vietnam (4). The nest is constructed in a small bush or tree, about two to three metres off the ground, and is made from twigs and sticks picked from the forest floor (2). Only a single egg is normally laid, occasionally there may be two (2). Both the male and female bird incubate the eggs (4).
Throughout much of its range, the pale-capped pigeon is thought to be seasonally nomadic, living in some regions for only part of the year before migrating elsewhere to breed (4). This could be due to the seasonal availability of food in different areas throughout the year (3).