Oriental turtle-dove (Streptopelia orientalis)

loading
Immature Oriental turtle-dove in first autumn plumage
loading
Loading more images and videos...

Oriental turtle-dove fact file

Oriental turtle-dove description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderColumbiformes
FamilyColumbidae
GenusStreptopelia (1)

The oriental turtle-dove (Streptopelia orientalis), also known as the rufous turtle-dove, is most easily identified by the distinctive patch of black and whitish stripes on either side of its neck (4) (5). The oriental turtle-dove’s upperparts are reddish-brown (6), with some of the wing feathers having almost black centres and whitish or reddish edges, resulting in an overall ‘scaly’ appearance (5) (7). The underparts are pinkish and the dark tail feathers are tipped with pale grey. The feet are red and the bill is grey (4).

It is hard to distinguish between the male and female oriental turtle-dove (6). However, juveniles usually lack the distinctive neck patches and are paler in colour (5).

The call of the oriental turtle-dove is a four-note ‘croo croo-croo crooo(4) (8).

Also known as
Oriental turtle dove, rufous turtle dove.
Size
Length: 33 - 35 cm (2)
Wingspan: 55 cm (3)
Weight
165 - 274 g (2)
Top

Oriental turtle-dove biology

The oriental turtle-dove forages on the ground (8) for cereal, pine seeds, herbs and plant shoots, but it has also been observed raiding paddy fields (2).  Like other pigeons and doves, the oriental turtle-dove drinks frequently (6), consuming up to 15 percent of its body weight in water every day (11)

The timing of the breeding season of the oriental turtle-dove depends on the location. In the north of the species’ range, breeding takes place between May and August, while in South India the breeding season is between November and February (2). The male oriental turtle-dove performs a display to attract a mate, flying up in the air and then gliding back down with the wings and tail stretched outwards (6). After mating, a nest is constructed from twigs in a bush or tree at a height of no greater than five metres. Each nest usually holds 2 eggs which are incubated for 15 to 16 days. The chicks leave the nest after 15 to 17 days (2).

In winter, oriental turtle-dove populations from North Asia migrate to areas further south (2), and large flocks may form as it undertakes this considerable journey (8). The majority of oriental turtle-doves from South Asia, however, do not migrate (2).

Top

Oriental turtle-dove range

The oriental turtle-dove is widely distributed throughout Asia, from Japan and Taiwan, through China, to the Himalayas, India and Sri Lanka. Populations in the northern parts of the range migrate southwards for winter (4) (9). Individuals have sometimes strayed to Alaska, while sightings elsewhere in North America are likely to be birds that have escaped from captivity (10).

Top

Oriental turtle-dove habitat

The oriental turtle-dove occupies a variety of habitats and has been found as high as 4,000 metres in Nepal (2). During the breeding season forest habitats are preferred, but at other times of the year this bird is often observed in cultivated fields and open areas where there are trees for shelter and a plentiful supply of seeds and grain (6).

Top

Oriental turtle-dove status

The oriental turtle-dove is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

Top

Oriental turtle-dove threats

The oriental turtle-dove has an exceptionally large range and an apparently stable population, and is not known to be facing any significant threats (12).

Top

Oriental turtle-dove conservation

No specific conservation action has been targeted at the common oriental turtle-dove.

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi is a principal sponsor of ARKive. EAD is working to protect and conserve the environment as well as promoting sustainable development in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
Top

Find out more

Learn more about bird conservation:

Top

Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

This species information was authored as part of the ARKive and Universities Scheme.
Top

Glossary

Incubated
Kept warm so that development is possible.
Top

References

  1. IUCN Red List (November, 2010)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1997) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  3. Wu, C.P., Horng, Y.M., Wang, R.T., Yang, K.T. and Huang, M.C. (2007) A novel sex-specific DNA marker in Columbidae birds. Theriogenology, 67(2): 328-333.
  4. Mackinnon, J. and Phillipps, K. (2000) A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  5. Peterson, R.T., Mountfort, G. and Hollum, P.A.D. (2001) A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston.
  6. Whistler, H. (1941) Popular Handbook of Indian Birds. Gurney and Jackson, London.
  7. Dunn, J.L. and Alderfer, J. (2006) Field Guide to the Birds of North America. National Geographic Society, Washington D.C.
  8. Strange, M. (2003) A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Southeast Asia: Including the Philippines and Borneo. Christopher Helm Publishers Ltd, London.
  9. Shrestha, T.K. (2001) Birds of Nepal: Field Ecology, Natural History and Conservation. Bimala Shrestha, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  10. Kaufman, K. (1996) Lives of North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
  11. Sibley, D.A. (2003) The Sibley Field Guide to Birds of Western North America. Knopf, New York.
  12. BirdLife International (November, 2010)
    http://www.birdlife.org/
X
Close

Image credit

Immature Oriental turtle-dove in first autumn plumage  
Immature Oriental turtle-dove in first autumn plumage

© Harri Taavetti / www.flpa-images.co.uk

FLPA - images of nature
Pages Green House
Wetheringsett
Stowmarket
Suffolk IP14 5QA
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 1728 861 113
Fax: +44 (0) 1728 860 222
pictures@flpa-images.co.uk
http://www.flpa-images.co.uk

X
Close

Link to this photo

ARKive species - Oriental turtle-dove (Streptopelia orientalis) Embed this ARKive thumbnail link ("portlet") by copying and pasting the code below.

Terms of Use - The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to ARKive's online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. It may NOT be used within Apps.

Read more about

X
Close

MyARKive

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.

Play the Team WILD game:

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Your mission: protect and conserve the planet’s species and habitats from destruction.

Conservation in Action

Which species are on the road to recovery? Find out now »

This species is featured in:

This species is featured in Jewels of the UAE, which showcases biodiversity found in the United Arab Emirates in association with the Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi.

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Donate today!

Blog RSS