The oriental turtle-dove forages on the ground (8) for cereal, pine seeds, herbs and plant shoots, but it has also been observed raiding paddy fields (2). Like other pigeons and doves, the oriental turtle-dove drinks frequently (6), consuming up to 15 percent of its body weight in water every day (11).
The timing of the breeding season of the oriental turtle-dove depends on the location. In the north of the species’ range, breeding takes place between May and August, while in South India the breeding season is between November and February (2). The male oriental turtle-dove performs a display to attract a mate, flying up in the air and then gliding back down with the wings and tail stretched outwards (6). After mating, a nest is constructed from twigs in a bush or tree at a height of no greater than five metres. Each nest usually holds 2 eggs which are incubated for 15 to 16 days. The chicks leave the nest after 15 to 17 days (2).
In winter, oriental turtle-dove populations from North Asia migrate to areas further south (2), and large flocks may form as it undertakes this considerable journey (8). The majority of oriental turtle-doves from South Asia, however, do not migrate (2).