Oriental bay owl (Phodilus badius)

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Oriental bay owls
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Oriental bay owl fact file

Oriental bay owl description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderStrigiformes
FamilyTytonidae
GenusPhodilus (1)

This small to medium sized owl is distinctive in its strikingly marked, angular face - a dark V-shaped marking running down the centre of the face, between the eyes, contrasts with the pale chestnut brown colouration (2). The head is broad and there is no narrowing at the neck. The legs are long and fully feathered (4). The underside of the body has dark flecks and the back and short, rounded wings are dark chestnut brown, spotted with black and yellow (2). The ears are slightly tufted (5).

Size
Length: 23 – 33 cm (2)
Weight
255 – 308 g (2)
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Oriental bay owl biology

The breeding season of the Oriental bay owl varies with region. It nests in hollow trees and tree stumps, laying between three and five eggs. Prey is located using extremely sensitive hearing and consists of small mammals, small birds, reptiles, frogs and insects. The Oriental bay owl has several calls, including whistles, hoots, wails and screams (2).

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Oriental bay owl range

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Oriental bay owl habitat

Inhabits woodland, plantations and mangrove swamps at altitudes of up to 2200 m (2).

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Oriental bay owl status

The Oriental bay owl is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List 2004 (1) and is listed under Appendix II of CITES (3).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

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Oriental bay owl threats

The Oriental bay owl is thought to have low population numbers but is not currently considered to be threatened (2). International trade in this species is regulated by Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species which requires permits for export of the owl or its body parts (3).

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Oriental bay owl conservation

No conservation action has been targeted at this species.

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Find out more

For further information on this species, see:

For more information on this and other bird species please see:

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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References

  1. IUCN Red List (January, 2005)
    http://www.redlist.org
  2. World Owl Trust (September, 2010)
    http://www.owls.org/Species/phodilus/bay_owl.htm
  3. CITES (January, 2005)
    http://www.cites.org
  4. Aberdeen University Natural History Centre (January, 2005)
    http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~nhi708/classify/animalia/chordata/aves/strigiformes/strigiformes.html
  5. Indian Institute of Science – Centre for Ecological Sciences (January, 2005)
    http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/hpg/envis/owldoc716.html
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Image credit

Oriental bay owls  
Oriental bay owls

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