Orchid (Pleione coronaria)

loading
Pleione coronaria flower
loading
Loading more images and videos...

Orchid fact file

Orchid description

KingdomPlantae
PhylumTracheophyta
ClassLiliopsida
OrderOrchidales
FamilyOrchidaceae (1)
GenusPleione

Pleione coronaria is an epiphytic orchid. It has prominent egg-shaped swellings at the base of the stem, which are known as 'pseudobulbs' (2). The flower stalk (or inflorescence) stands vertically and bears a single pale pink flower (2). The flower is long and slender and the lip is marked with red spots towards the tip and has a series of pronounced ridges in the centre (2). Each pseudobulb has a single leaf associated with it (2).

Size
Inflorescence length: 8 - 10 cm (2)
Top

Orchid biology

This Pleione flowers in spring (4). It has been observed growing amongst moss on the inner branches of trees, quite often close to the ground (4).

Top

Orchid range

This rare orchid is only found in the Ganesh Himal region of central Nepal (2).

Top

Orchid habitat

Found in mountainous areas at heights of between 2,500 and 3,500 metres above sea level; associated with rhododendron forests and old Tsuga dumosa trees in a moist climate (4).

Top

Orchid status

Listed on Appendix II of CITES (3).

Top

Orchid threats

Pleione coronaria has an extremely limited range and the area in which it is found has been heavily deforested, possibly endangering this species further (2). It is unlikely that this orchid is under threat from collection due to the inaccessibility of its habitat (4).

Top

Orchid conservation

More information on the distribution and status of this species in the wild is required before any conservation measures can be implemented.

Top

Authentication

Authenticated (2/6/03) by Dr Phillip Cribb. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
http://www.rbgkew.org.uk

Top

Glossary

Epiphyte
A plant that uses another plant, typically a tree, for its physical support, but which does not draw nourishment from it.
Inflorescence
The reproductive shoot of the plant, which bears flowers (See http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/ksheets/pdfs/flower.pdf for a fact sheet on flower structure).
Top

References

  1. IUCN Red List (February, 2003) www.redlist.org
  2. Cribb, P. and Butterfield, I. (1999) The Genus Pleione. [2nd ed] Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. CITES (February, 2003) www.cites.org
  4. Trudel, N. (1986) In search of the lost Pleione. Orchid Review, 94(1116): 329 - 333.
X
Close

Image credit

Pleione coronaria flower  
Pleione coronaria flower

© Holger Perner / Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Richmond
Surrey
TW9 3AB
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 208 332 5000
Fax: +44 (0) 208 332 5197
info@kew.org
http://www.rbgkew.org.uk

X
Close

Link to this photo

ARKive species - Orchid (Pleione coronaria) Embed this ARKive thumbnail link ("portlet") by copying and pasting the code below.

Terms of Use - The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to ARKive's online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. It may NOT be used within Apps.

Read more about

X
Close

MyARKive

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.

Play the Team WILD game:

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Your mission: protect and conserve the planet’s species and habitats from destruction.

Conservation in Action

Which species are on the road to recovery? Find out now »

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Donate today!

Blog RSS