Orange upperwing moth (Jodia croceago)

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Orange Upperwing
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Orange upperwing moth fact file

Orange upperwing moth description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderLepidoptera
FamilyNoctuidae
GenusJodia

This rare moth has pale buff underwings and, as its name suggests, orange forewings, delicately marked with darker lines and dots. It could easily be confused with the much commoner Orange Sallow Xanthia citrago, especially as both are attracted to sugared lures.

Size
Wingspan: 32-38 mm
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Orange upperwing moth biology

The eggs are laid on pedunculate oak and sessile oak (Quercus robur and Q. petraea), both of which are abundant throughout Britain.

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Orange upperwing moth range

The Orange Upperwing has declined in numbers drastically in recent years, having been recorded from central, southern and south-western England, with occasional records from Wales. However, by 1980 it had become restricted to Cornwall, Devon, Sussex, Surrey, Shropshire and South Wales. Its last definite record was in 1984, from Sussex, although an unconfirmed record was reported from Hampshire. The Orange Upperwing is scarce but widely distributed in Europe and North Africa.

You can view distribution information for this species at the National Biodiversity Network Gateway.
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Orange upperwing moth habitat

The moth is an open woodland or woodland-edge species, particularly associated with small or coppiced trees that retain their leaves over winter, as the adult moths overwinter within withered leaves left on the tree.

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Orange upperwing moth status

Classified as Endangered in the UK.

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Orange upperwing moth threats

It is thought that a decline in the practice of coppicing woodland may have led to the disappearance of the orange upperwing moth, together with unsympathetic path and ride management

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Orange upperwing moth conservation

The Orange Upperwing moth is listed in the UK Biodiversity Action Plans (UK BAP), and included in English Nature's Species Recovery Programme. As with all rare or endangered species, it is important to conduct surveys to determine the status of this moth and, having evaluated the results, it may be appropriate to undertake reintroductions into suitably restored habitats on a range of former sites across southern and south-western England and in Wales. It is also vital that all sites where re-establishment is proposed are appropriately managed and this type of woodland habitat increased through the uptake of woodland grants.

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
The UK Biodiversity Action Plan for this species is available at UK BAP.
There may be further information about this species available via the National Biodiversity Network Gateway.
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Authentication

Information supplied by English Nature.

http://www.english-nature.org.uk

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Glossary

Coppiced
Coppicing is a traditional form of woodland management in which trees are cut close to the base of the trunk. Re-growth occurs in the form of many thin poles. Coppiced woodlands are cut in this way on rotation, producing a mosaic of different stages of re-growth.
Rides
The footpaths and access tracks which run through and divide blocks of trees in woodland. Many rides contain a mixture of rich flora and structure, and provide different habitat conditions for a range of wildlife.
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References

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Image credit

Orange Upperwing  
Orange Upperwing

© Adrian Spalding

Adrian Spalding
Tremayne Farm Cottage
Praze-an-beeble
Camborne
Cornwall
TR14 9PH
United Kingdom
a.spalding@spaldingassociates.co.uk

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