Primary explanations offered for the decline of the ‘olulu include competition from introduced invasive plants (3), loss of its natural pollinators (7), and destruction by naturally occurring stochastic events such as land slides or hurricanes (6). Hurricane-force winds have recently scoured the Na Pali sea cliffs, killing many plants (7). Additionally, while most populations are found on virtually inaccessibly sea-cliffs, the Waiahuakua population on Kaua’i is more accessible and has suffered damage from the activities of feral goats (6). In the early 1990s Kaua’i had a total of approximately 150 individuals on the Na Pali sea cliffs where today there remain only seven (7). With such critically low numbers there is a concern that genetic variability will get too low, as a result of inbreeding between remaining plants, for the species to adequately respond to environmental pressures (7) (3). Thus, although once fairly common, this species is now teetering on the brink of extinction in the wild (8).